Macular Degeneration is currently the leading cause of vision loss affecting more than 10 million people
with no known cure on the horizon. Stargardt disease is a juvenile version of macular degeneration, a disease wherein a genetic mutation causes protein
to block nutrients from being delivered to and waste removed from the macula. Why this is significant is because, according to Contact Lens King, the
macula is the section of the retina that contains the highest concentration of photoreceptor cells in the eye. A blockage will directly affect the cone
photoreceptor cells' ability to convert light and colors into electrical impulses. Normally these impulses are sent by way of the optic nerve onward to
the brain. The net effect of this damage directly impacts a person's visual acuity and color perception, which in many cases results in legal blindness
or vision measured at 20/200 or less.
Below is an illustration of an eye along with a visual representation of what a person with this disease may see.
Some of the most common questions we would like to address in this article regarding this disorder
is "how to treat Stargardt disease", and "what are its causes and accompanying symptoms". Let's begin.
Stargardt Disease Treatment
Although there are currently no known cures or treatments available for stargardt disease there is
promising research being done using stem cells and gene therapy. However, until an effective treatment is discovered there are proactive steps people
can take that may help reduce the risk of developing the disease. According to Contact Lens King, the following are the recommended steps to follow in
an effort to reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration.
Use UV Protective eye wear
Stargardt Disease Symptoms
As previously mentioned, stargardt disease directly affects the retina, deteriorating the central back
portion of the eye called the macula. When someone develops this disease they may experience the following symptoms.
Change in central vision
Yellow Flecks in the macula
Decrease in color perception
Wavy or blurry vision
Peripheral vision may NOT be affected
The medical field knows very little about the causes of stargardt disease and macular degeneration
but there is some belief that it may stem from a variety of reasons including environmental, health, and genetics. Below are some other risk factors
that may also contribute to increasing an individual's chances of developing macular dystrophy.
Caucasians seem to be more susceptible to developing the disease, more than any other race
Inheriting genes from parents who have a family history of this disease
Stargardt disease or juvenile macular degeneration is a serious eye disease that initially
progresses slowly but whose deterioration rate drastically increases when one's visual acuity reaches 20/40. It is important to note that although
there are no known effective treatments or cures at this time, following the proactive steps listed in this article and being aware of the symptoms may help in delaying the
development and/or progression of the disease.
Want to learn about
eye care and beauty tips that instantly make you look flawless? Get the deets in our blog newsletter!
ABOUT OUR EYE CARE & BEAUTY BLOG
Contact Lens King created this blog as an extension to their online store in an effort to facilitate the access of eye care information. This eye care blog provides a large array of
topics ranging from lifestyle and healthy living to new technologies emerging in the industry. Subscribe and stay current on new research and articles.