What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a category of diseases that damages the optic nerve impacting a person's eye sight which can ultimately lead to blindness if not treated. If diagnosis in time and treated the chances of saving your eye sight are dramatically increased. Although Glaucoma is indiscriminate and can impact anyone there are some people who are at higher risk of. For instance, the people listed below are more susceptible;

  • African Americans over the age of 40
  • Everyone over the age of 60
  • People with family history of the infliction

What Causes Glaucoma?

Several studies have illustrated that eye pressure build up is a major contributing factor and risk of developing Glaucoma. Pressure build up can be caused from a variety of offenders ranging from fluid build up within the eye because it is unable to flow properly or from blood pressure related issues.

Some symptoms may include:

  • Gradual loss of periphery vision
  • Tunnel vision may develop
  • A person's central sight becomes diminished
  • Complete blindness

It is important to note that in some cases there are no symptoms that present themselves.

How is Glaucoma Treated?

If any of the above symptoms present themselves it is important to consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may dilate your eye and run some tests to measure the cornea and pressure inside the eye, test your vision at different distances, and test how your peripheral vision is.
These test may include the following:

  • Visual acuity test
  • Visual field test
  • Tanometry
  • Pachymetry

If you are diagnosed with Glaucoma there are various treatments available depending on the progression of the infliction.
Some of these treatments may include:

  • Medicines (eye drops and/or pills)
  • Laser Trabeculoplasty (helps fluid drain)
  • Surgery

Below are more comprehensive articles, and reports regarding Glaucoma


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Test may spot glaucoma before symptoms begin, study says
Author:James Gallagher, BBC News

Using fluorescent dye that sticks to the cells about to die in the retina might be able to spot glaucoma a decade before symptoms appear. This study however, is still in its infancy and requires more research and testing. READ MORE

Author:University of Maryland Medical Center

An in depth overview of Glaucoma, its causes, treatments and symptoms by the University Of Maryland. Find out what to look out for and learn about the various treatments available. READ MORE


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