What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a category of diseases that damages the optic nerve impacting a person's eye sight which can ultimately lead to blindness if not treated. If diagnosed
in time and treated the chances of saving your eye sight are dramatically increased. Although Glaucoma is indiscriminate and can impact anyone there are some people
who are at higher risk. For instance, the people listed below are more susceptible;
- African Americans over the age of 40
- Everyone over the age of 60
- People with family history of the infliction
What Causes Glaucoma?
Several studies have illustrated that eye pressure build up
is a major contributing factor and risk of developing Glaucoma. Pressure build up can be caused from a variety of offenders ranging from fluid build up within the eye
because it is unable to flow properly or from blood pressure related issues.
Some symptoms may include:
- Gradual loss of periphery vision
- Tunnel vision may develop
- A person's central sight becomes diminished
- Complete blindness
It is important to note that in some cases there are no symptoms that present themselves.
How is Glaucoma Treated?
If any of the above symptoms present themselves it is important to consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor
may dilate your eye and run some tests to measure the cornea and pressure inside the eye, test your vision at different distances, and test how your peripheral vision is.
These test may include the following:
- Visual acuity test
- Visual field test
If you are diagnosed with Glaucoma there are various treatments available depending on the progression of the infliction.
Some of these treatments may include:
- Medicines (eye drops and/or pills)
- Laser Trabeculoplasty (helps fluid drain)
Below are more comprehensive articles, and reports regarding Glaucoma
Test may spot glaucoma before symptoms begin, study says
James Gallagher, BBC News
Using fluorescent dye that sticks to the cells about to die in the retina might be able to spot glaucoma a decade before symptoms appear. This study however, is still in its infancy and requires more research and testing.
University of Maryland Medical Center
An in depth overview of Glaucoma, its causes, treatments and symptoms by the University Of Maryland. Find out what to look out for and learn about the various treatments available.