Macular Degeneration

Macular Degenration

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular Degeneration is an eye disease that is the leading cause of vision loss. This disease affects more than ten million people and currently has no cure.

Macular Degenration is the deterioration of the retina; the section at the back of the eye that receives/captures and sends the images we see to the optic nerve. At the centre of the back of the eye there is a section called the macula, which is tasked with focusing on objects allowing us to read, drive and complete other ordinary tasks. When the cell of the macula start deteriorating it impacts the retinas ability to affectively and accurately receive images.

Symptoms may include the following:

  • Wavy or blurry vision
  • central vision deteriorates
  • loss of central vision
  • peripheral vision may not be affected

Types of Macular Degeneration:

  • Dry or atrophic makes up approximately 85% of cases
  • Wet or exudative makes up the remainder

What Causes Macular Degeneration?

Macular Degeneration is considered a complicated disease that the medical industry knows very little about. Researchers believe that the causes behind this disease range from heredity to environment. The most prevalent risk factor of the disease is age especially those above the age of 55.

Some other risk factors may include:

  • Genetics
  • Race: Caucasians are more susceptible to the disease
  • Smoking: The risk doubles if you are a smoker

How is Macular Degeneration Treated?

There is currently no cure or treatment only proactive steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing the disease.
The steps that may help reduce risk include:

  • Healthy Diet
  • Healthy Living/Exercise
  • Do not smoke
  • Protect eye from UV rays

Below are more comprehensive articles, and reports regarding Macular Degeneration


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One stem cell treatment stabilizes macular degeneration, another blinds 3 patients
Author: Susan Scutti, CNN

Macular degeneration is the deterioration of the cells that make up the macula, (the back central section of the retina). READ MORE

Fighting Macular Degeneration

Current treatments for the so-called wet form of macular degeneration, involving injections inside the eye, are already "very effective" compared with laser treatments, which were used before intravitreal injections, said Dr. Ronald C. Gentile, the surgeon director at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. READ MORE


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